What is the GED?
The General Educational Development(or GED)
test is group of five subject tests which, when passed, certify that the student has American high school academic skills. The GED is sometimes referred to as a General Equivalency Diploma or General Education Diploma.
To pass the GED Tests and earn a GED credential, test takers must score higher than 60 percent of graduating high school seniors nationwide. Developed by the American Council on Education, the GED is always taken in person and is currently not available online. Jurisdictions award a "Certificate of General Educational Development" or similarly titled credential to persons who meet the passing score requirements. Only individuals who have not earned a high school diploma may take the GED tests.
How the test works
The GED test battery consists of 5 skill areas divided into two categories:
Language Arts: Writing
- 1. Language Arts: Writing, Social Studies and Science
- 2. Language Arts: Reading and Mathematics
The "Language Arts: Writing" test portion is divided into two parts, of which the first covers sentence structure, organization, usage, and mechanics. Test-takers read text from business, informational, and instructional publications and then correct, revise, or improve the text according to Edited American English standards. Test-takers have 75 minutes to complete the 50 items in Part I.
This part of the "Language Arts: Writing" test requires the student to write an essay on an assigned topic in 45 minutes. A passing essay must have well focused main points, clear organization,specific development of ideas, and demonstrate the writer's control of sentence structure, punctuation, grammar, word choice, and spelling. There is no minimum word count, however, the essay should be long enough to develop the topic adequately. Essays need not be true or based in reality as long as they are developed around the assigned topic.
This test covers American history, world history, civics and government, economics, and geography; 70 minutes are allotted for the 50 questions. In the "Social Studies" test, test-takers read short passages and answer multiple-choice questions. Some passages come from such documents as the Declaration of Independence and U.S. Supreme Court decisions. Many questions use graphs, charts, and other images, such as editorial cartoons, along with or instead of written passages.
This 80-minute test of 50 multiple-choice questions covers life science, earth and space science, and physical science. It measures the candidate's skill in understanding, interpreting, and applying science concepts to visual and written text from academic and workplace contexts. The test focuses on what a scientifically literate person must know, understand, and be able to do. Questions address the National Science Education Content Standards and focus on environmental and health topics (i.e. recycling, heredity, and pollution,) and science's relevance to everyday life. Students should expect to see tables, graphs, charts, and diagrams, as well as complete sentences.
Language Arts: Reading
This 65-minute, 40-question test examines a student's ability to read and understand texts similar to those encountered in high-school English classrooms. The test has five fiction and two nonfiction passages, each about 300–400 words long. The fiction passages include portions of a play, a poem, and three pieces of prose. The nonfiction passages may come from letters, biographies, newspaper and magazine articles, or such "practical" texts as manuals and forms. Each passage is followed by questions that assess reading comprehension skills.
This 90-minute, 50-question test has two equally weighted parts, the first of which allows candidates to use calculators, while the second forbids their use. Forty of the 50 are multiple-choice; the other 10 use an alternate format, requiring the test-taker to record answers on either a numerical or coordinate-plane grid. Both portions of the test have questions of both types. The test booklet offers a page of common formulas as well as directions for completing the alternate-format items and using the calculator. The test focuses on four main mathematical disciplines:
- Number operations and number sense
- Measurement and geometry
- Data analysis, probability, and statistics
- Algebra, functions, and patterns
How can a Speech-Language Pathologist Help?
For more information or to schedule an evaluation, contact us
Speech-language pathologists are qualified to assist GED students in many aspects of test preparation. In addition to vocabulary development, writing, spelling and reading comprehension skills, speech-language pathologists can help students expand their knowledge of test-taking strategies. It is recommended that all GED students are enrolled in a credentialed GED program while seeking additional assistance from a speech-language pathologist. For more information about GED services available at New York Neurogenic SLP, P.C., please contact us.
Source:Information edited from the American Council of Education.